Many Long Nights: 7 Kinds of Insomnia
March 23, 2015
You lie on your sofa bed in your living room just as you arrived home from a tiring day at work or in school. You want to take a power nap before doing some works you brought at home, but then you realized that you can’t sleep. What seems to be the problem?
In our previous article, we’ve discussed the most bizarre sleeping disorders people may experience. Now, we’ll discuss the many kinds of the most common sleeping disorder, insomnia, a sleep disorder in which a person experiences difficulty in falling asleep, staying asleep, and waking.
Also called acute insomnia or short-term insomnia, adjustment insomnia is the disturbance of sleep that often results from stress. This sleep problem stops and ends when the source of stress is gone or when the person experiencing adjustment insomnia was able to adapt to the stress. Surprisingly, adjustment insomnia can also be experienced from positive stimulus. One example is when we get excited over something and we can’t sleep easily.
Behavioral Insomnia of Childhood
As the name states, behavioral insomnia of childhood occurs to children. It is when children don’t want to go to bed on time unless a bedtime is enforced. If a child is enforced to go to bed at a specific time, this child will fall asleep at a normal house. If not given strict and specific bed time schedule, a child may stay awake even at the wee hours of night.
Idiopathic insomnia is a sleep disorder that starts during infancy or childhood and extends to adulthood. This kind of insomnia results from an imbalance in the body, like an overactive awakening system and / or an underactive sleep system.
Insomnia Due to a Drug or Substance
This insomnia is directly related to the use and consumption of drugs and other substances. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fifth Edition (DSM-5), such substance includes the following:
Although not necessarily harmful, it disrupts the regular sleep cycle of a person. Insomnia due to a drug or substance may also be experienced when a person suddenly stops the use of such substance.
This type of insomnia is only caused by the existence of other medical conditions. This results to various problems, especially:
- Difficulty in falling asleep
- Often waking up at night
- Inability to return to sleep
Insomnia will only be considered a disorder in such instances when the person experiencing it will feel distressed.
Psychophysiological insomnia is often associated with excessive worrying, especially worrying about not being able to sleep. In this kind of insomnia, the person experiencing it develops anxiety and stress from sleeping, as she or he may not be able to wake up early (or some other reason). Because of the development of anxiety and stress, the person won’t be able to sleep.
These are only some kinds of examples of insomnia. To be treated, go to your nearest doctors and ask for prescriptions. Happy sleeping!